CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. Dr. Klein says it is essential to note that in most cases, CBD oil does not contain delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties. In fact, most CBD products are derived from hemp and not from marijuana.
The AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, explains what CBD oil is, what it does for dogs, and its safety concerns and potential side effects.
How Does CBD Affect Dogs?
While there’s no definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs, there’s anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting it can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, as well as helping to control seizures.
Learn more about the CBD study funded by the Canine Health Foundation.
Why are we hearing so much about CBD oil now? Dr. Klein points to the legalization of marijuana in many places, which has triggered interest in potential health benefits of marijuana-related products. “We are likely to see continued interest in CBD and an increase in research about its uses and efficacy in the coming years,” he says.
If you cook your dog’s food, be aware that hemp seed oil (or hemp oil) can become rancid if added to the food while cooking. This could cause your dog to experience an upset stomach or possible vomiting or diarrhea . It’s always better to add the hemp seed oil after cooking just to be safe.
When it comes to hemp seed oil, it can be quite beneficial for your dog’s diet. Think of it as the dietary supplement of the hemp oil world. Hemp seed oil is jam-packed with essential nutrients, which can bolster your pooch’s health in a myriad of ways.
You’ve probably noticed the rising popularity of hemp-based products in recent years. The many benefits of non-psychoactive substances derived from the hemp plant are becoming more obvious, leading to this growing demand. And those benefits aren’t just for humans. Hemp products have made their way into the pet care sector, too.
Potential Risks of Hemp Seed Oil for Dogs
Hemp seed oil may act as a powerful anti-inflammatory agent because of its balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Inflammation is a natural response by the body, and your dog should have some level of inflammation in response to injuries, infections, allergies , and other ailments.
GLA tends to increase energy levels in dogs, so they’re more likely to stay active and avoid obesity. Plus, GLA helps metabolism to stay in high-gear and burn more fat. If your pet has put on a little extra weight, ask your vet whether a hemp product designed for dogs might be a good solution.
As with any change to your dog’s diet, it’s always safest to get it cleared with your veterinarian first. That way, you can be sure it’s right for your four-legged friend.
But what exactly is hemp seed oil, and how is it different from other oils that are extracted from the hemp plant? Read on to find out more about hemp seed oil and what it can do for your dog.
Perhaps the biggest misconception is that CBD is useful in managing a dog’s anxiety. In theory, it is possible that CBD, by reducing pain and inflammation, could indirectly reduce anxiety caused by pain or inflammation.
Unlike CBD, THC ingestion can cause serious problems for your pet.
Studies on using CBD for dogs with arthritis or seizures generally use a dose between 2-8 mg/kg, with most papers erring on the lower side of that estimate (roughly 1-2 milligrams per pound of body weight), twice daily.
Instead, CBD shares important metabolic pathways with a class of drugs called NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and Rimadyl. These pathways control many processes in the body, from inflammatory responses to blood clotting.
In people, CBD has been studied for possible use in cancer patients, both to treat the tumor(s) directly, as well as to treat the secondary symptoms of cancer and chemotherapy. Very limited research has been done on the use of CBD for dogs with cancer.
The only FDA-approved cannabinoid product, Epidiolex, could theoretically be prescribed by a veterinarian for epilepsy in dogs, although this would likely be cost-prohibitive. Because it is FDA-approved, though, the CBD content of this product would be accurate, unlike most other CBD products on the market.
U.S. veterinarians are forbidden from prescribing/dispensing CBD, and cannot encourage or instruct clients to purchase CBD products.