Most of the CBD brands sold in Canada are strictly based out of Canada. You’ll be hard-pressed to find American CBD companies that ship that far North. You’re more likely to find a European company that ship CBD oils to Canada, but the shipping rates can be hard to justify.
The Cannabis Act includes a specific regulation on hemp, known as the Industrial Hemp Regulations Program (IHR). The Industrial Hemp Regulations Program defines hemp as a cannabis plant and plant parts with a THC content of 0.3% or less in the leaves and flowering heads .
Lately, there’s been another version of THC circulating around called delta 8 THC. It’s popular because it gets a pass from some of the more prohibitive marijuana laws in places like the United States. Learn more about the legal status of delta 8 THC in the United States.
How is Industrial Hemp Regulated Under the Cannabis Act?
Since October 2018, cannabis — both hemp and marijuana are legal for both medical and recreational use.
Therefore, farmers who want to extract derivatives from industrial hemp (including CBD), must obtain a cannabis processing license.
It’s illegal to transport any cannabis products across the US-Canada border. This is true even in cases where the border-state considers CBD completely legal. Even though you’re traveling from Canada to a legal-US state, the border is the domain of the federal government — where Cannabis is considered a Schedule I drug.
30 grams is pretty generous. This works out to just over an ounce, which is plenty for most cannabis users in a given day, but not so much that it’s even worth selling on the black market.
While the Cannabis Act made phytocannabinoids like CBD more accessible to the general Canadian population, where you can even buy CBD oil online in Canada, the law set up a strict and complicated regulatory system for its production and distribution.
Before the Cannabis Act was passed, CBD was regulated under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, which prohibited the production, sale, and distribution of CBD without government authorization. The Canadian government reserved approval for strict medical or scientific research.
However, the new cannabis industry in Canada is far from the free-for-all, sometimes depicted in the media. Canada’s new federal laws are quite complex and dependent upon the mandates of each province or territory.
How is CBD Regulated in Canada?
When Canada changed its cannabis laws in 2018, songs of praise from advocates and a flurry of complaints from critics swept the news. For better or for worse, marijuana was now legal in Canada.
CBD and other phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids derived from cannabis plants) are regulated under the Cannabis Act (C-45), which came into effect on October 17, 2018. Canadian cannabis laws follow the conventions set forth by the United Nations. Since the U.N. places CBD in the controlled substance category, Canada classifies the cannabinoid in the same manner.
Federal law allows Canadians to grow up to four cannabis plants at home for personal use. Anyone wishing to sell their harvest must apply for a federal license. The Canadian government grants two separate licenses for growing cannabis for profit: