The human body produces a variety of endocannabinoids, some of which are derived from omega-6s, and some of which are derived from omega-3s. The two most well-researched endocannabinoids are anandamide and 2-AG, which come from the omega-6 fatty acid, arachidonic acid. Unlike endocannabinoids, which are synthesized within the body (endo- meaning “within”), THC and CBD are phytocannibinoids—a type of cannabinoid derived from plants (phyto- meaning “relating to plants”). 15 Although there are more than 85 different types of phytocannabinoids known to date, CBD and THC are by far the most well-known and well-researched. 16
But do you understand how cannabinoids “work” within the body? And did you know that simple adjustments to your diet can promote your body’s natural production of molecules called endocannabinoids? Read on to discover how you can support your endocannabinoid system with or without external sources of cannabinoids.
Types of Cannabinoids: Endocannabinoids and Phytocannabinoids
Essentially, whenever an internal function becomes irregular due to injury, insult or illness, a well-functioning endocannabinoid system will respond by synthesizing chemical messengers called endocannabinoids in the brain, organs, connective tissue, glands, and immune cells. 5 These endocannabinoids will then bind with cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system and immune system to set into motion a variety of cellular responses aimed at restoring balance to the irregular function. 5
Homeostasis is the ability to maintain a relatively stable internal state despite changes in the external environment. Common examples of homeostatic processes include regulation of body temperature, blood sugar, and blood pressure.
Intriguingly, the past fifty years of research on omega-3 fatty acids suggest that consuming an adequate amount of EPA and DHA can provide many of the same benefits as cannabinoids. 19 In truth, this really isn’t that surprising, given that endocannabinoids are lipid-based signaling molecules that are synthesized internally from omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. What’s more, research shows that the effects of endocannabinoids can be significantly influenced by the type of fatty acids consumed. 20 , 21 More specifically, their effects can be influenced by the ratios of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids consumed.
EPA may help with conditions that cause inflammation of the heart, kidneys, skin, and joints—such as arthritis. It can ease inflammation due to allergies, and reduce itchy skin and dandruff. This can also be an effective way to potentially decrease the incidence of hot spots on your pets. Like many fat supplements, it promotes a shiny, healthy coat, and reduces shedding. DHA, the other omega-3 fatty acid in fish oil, is important in brain and eye development in puppies and kittens. Giving fish oil to pregnant or nursing pets may also benefit the babies once they’re born.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is not just beneficial for humans. Pets have the same endocannabinoid system as humans, allowing our furry best friends to benefit from CBD as well. CBD oil may have a relaxing, calming effect on our pets while reducing their anxiety which is helpful in pets with separation anxiety and various noise phobias. CBD Oil, like Omega-3s, is an anti-inflammatory that may help relieve joint discomfort. Also like Omega-3s, CBD supports cardiovascular function and helps promote a healthy heart.
One of the best combinations out there for improving our pet’s health and overall well being is a mixture of Omega-3s from fish oil and Cannabidiol (CBD). Omega-3s fish oil contain two essential fatty acids: EPA and DHA (or eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid). Both are omega-3 fatty acids that can only be made in a limited capacity in dogs and are even more poorly synthesized in cats. EPA, one of the two omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil, acts as an anti-inflammatory.
In summary, we recommend giving your pet, whether young or old, CBD and a high quality Omega-3 rich source such as Wild Alaskan Salmon Oil daily. Our Pets by TerraVita tincture is formulated with THC-Free CBD Isolate and Wild Alaskan Salmon oil.