We can only expect to use the old seeds with the cost of seeds floating above potheads’ reach. However, improper or long-term storage of seeds can cause Cannabis growers often save seeds for a long time in order to preserve the original genetic of a particular strain that has worked well for them. If properly stored, a… Just found some seeds at the bottom of a random drawer? Here are some tips to help you germinate old cannabis seeds.
How To Germinate Old Cannabis Seeds
We can only expect to use the old seeds with the cost of seeds floating above potheads’ reach. However, improper or long-term storage of seeds can cause infertility – and they cannot germinate. However, how do we let those old cannabis seeds come to life again? This guide will help us convert the relics into a sea of green sections of robust cannabis fields!
Sorting Old Cannabis Seeds
The first step in any farming process is to make sure we have the right seeds, and the same goes for weeds. When harvesting autoflowering marijuana seeds, everything is preserved, and nothing is lost. This means that all types of seeds are ripe and immature. How do we distinguish good seeds from bad ones? You are considering the following.
Sorting Seeds By Color And Shape
Whether we obtained the seeds from a seed bank, a store, or a retailer, different cannabis seed strains have different colors. Mature cannabis seeds acquire a dark coat, while immature ones are brighter and usually white. The most visible colors are brown, tan, and sometimes black. In contrast, bright yellows and whites quickly identify immature seeds.
Cannabis seeds are known for their aesthetic properties and shape. Round and symmetrical seeds are best. Larger seeds have a reasonable rate of germination compared to small seeds, which tend to be immature.
Classification Of Seeds By Hardness
Although the seeds have taken some time inside storage containers, ripe weeds seeds’ hardness is not compromised. Hard and tough seeds with a smooth shell guarantee a reasonable degree of germination. Also, pay attention to wavy and cracked seeds. They will lose time and energy and will not germinate after planting.
Ways to Germinate Old Cannabis Seeds
Below we will go through 3 popular methods used to germinate old weeds seeds. Remember that we have to do the part by trying to keep the temperature between 26 ° C – 28 ° because that is where the clones seem to season-best. You must also ensure that the seed is kept in a dark area, as light can slow down the germination process.
Method 1 – Scarification
The first method is scarification. This includes causing injury to the seeds’ outer shell to allow water and air to enter, which is essential for germination. For manual scarification, we will need a container or box lined with sandpaper or any coarse material to scar the seeds’ outer surface. Put the seeds in a container or box and shake. After a while, we will find that the roots become dull, and we can see parts of the sources inside the container. Once we scare the outer shell of the cannabis seeds, we can germinate them as usual.
Method 2 – Carbonated water
The second method involves the use of carbonated water with a pH below 7. This slightly acidic solution absorbs the outer layer of the seeds. Put the seeds in a container full of carbonated water and wait for about two hours. The solution loosens the seed coat and allows it to absorb water, which helps germinate.
Method 3 – Mixture of hydrogen peroxide
Method 3 requires that we use a mixture of hydrogen peroxide to soften the seed’s outer skin. It would be best if we were careful when mixing the peroxide solution, as we can burn the seed, and it will never germinate.
To use a mixture of hydrogen peroxide for the germination process, use 1 to 2 drops of 99% hydrogen peroxide in a glass of water. After soaking for 24 hours, the outer shell is softened enough to germinate the seeds.
In addition to chemical and mechanical scarification, we can use other DIY methods to loosen seeds. For example, we can use a small knife to scratch or open the seed coat. We can explore different approaches as long as we do not damage the seed embryo.
- One part 3% hydrogen peroxide with six parts water.
- One part 4.5% hydrogen peroxide with nine parts water.
- One part 6% hydrogen peroxide with 12 parts water.
- One part 30% hydrogen peroxide with 60 parts water.
Always Use Clean, Fresh Water
Clean and clean water contains oxygen and hydrogen molecules. These are two life-supporting elements necessary for germination. Soaking the seeds for at least 12 hours allows water to enter living cells, a process known as osmosis. Now that the internal conditions promote germination, the semen embryo expands and breaks out of the protective sheath.
Old cannabis seeds sometimes pose a challenge for germination. You can sort ripe seeds, release the hard protective layer by various methods, try new chemical germination enhancers, or use biocatalysts. Similarly, soaking the clean, soft seeds in clean water will push the embryo out of its protective blanket. After trying some of the above processes to germinate the old cannabis seeds, we can be sure to grow healthy and living plants and expect good yields.
How to Rescue and Germinate Old Cannabis Seeds
Saving cannabis seeds is a widely used method for preserving genetic varieties that one has particularly enjoyed or that worked very well when planted. Therefore, growers often store some seeds for many years.
However, over time seeds lose their germinating power. This means that, after a few years, when farmers prepare to plant them, they run into problems getting them to sprout. To prevent this from happening, and to once again enjoy that cannabis you found worth storing, there are a number of tricks.
The key: the storage conditions
First, you have won half the battle if you were careful with the original storage. Seeds must be kept in a cool, dry place. Therefore, the best option is to store them in refrigerators at a temperature between 6 and 8 degrees Celsius, and with relative humidity levels between 20% and 30%. And sheltered from light, of course.
For all this you will need an airtight container or canister, or an opaque plastic bottle in which, in addition to the seeds, you should place little pouches of silica gel, to reduce the moisture. With regards to the best place in your refrigerator, the crisper is a good choice, as it is a little warmer than the rest of the fridge. Also, one last tip: if you store several strains in different bottles, it is a good idea to label them, so that you won´t have to open them to see which is which when you decide to plant them.
Hydration to trigger germination
If you have only saved the seeds for a year and a half, they should not give you any problems. After this time period, even if you have stored them properly, germination may be more complicated because the older the seeds are, the harder their shells, so the water used to open them will take longer to penetrate them. Therefore, the first method to try to get the plant’s embryo to develop is to put your old seeds in a glass of water, with a few drops of hydrogen peroxide, for 24 hours. Hydrogen peroxide softens the shell and facilitates the water’s infiltration.
But you must be careful: the liquid must not be cold, but rather at a temperature of around 22° C. And you must keep the container away from major sources of light. During the 24 hours that the seeds are there you will have to keep a very close eye on them in order to remove them quickly if they open, so they don´t “drown.”
Because of this risk, there are growers who choose another way: germinating their seeds with the help of wet paper towels and dishes. If this method is chosen, you’ll have to grab a plate and place a soaked paper towel on it. After placing your cannabis seeds placed on top, with enough space between them, cover them with another damp paper towel. Although this method is widely used, some purist growers insist that you have to be very careful, because the towels used may contain chlorine and chemicals that could impede germination.
For those beginning with the glass of water, the second step would be to move the seeds, after 24 hours, to the wet paper towels. Germination normally takes between 48 and 72 hours, and, in the case of old seeds, can last up to 5 or 6 days, or even weeks. Therefore, transferring the seeds to wet paper gives you more peace of mind, as you are dealing with less water and, if they open, they will not quickly drown.
Other good choices for germination
There are growers who prefer their seeds to germinate directly in the soil. In this case, in addition to ensuring that you have light and well-nourished soil, you can choose to dilute 10 ml (a teaspoon) of fulvic acid per litre of water, and use it to water the site where you have planted the seed. Another option is to use slightly carbonated water, as the additional CO2 will help the liquid penetrate the seed, causing it to germinate. It is also possible to use enzymes or germination enhancers, designed to help seeds open and develop in those first stages.
Another good investment, which can be key in the case of old seeds, is Jiffy 7. This product is a compressed pill of dried peat that you need to soak for a few minutes. At this point it becomes a small sack of soil that is specially designed to facilitate germination, because it features the ideal structure, is sterilized, has all the necessary elements to nourish the seedlings during the first week, and is pH-neutral. Due to these characteristics it can be your best bet to get your older seeds to sprout.
Last resorts to save your seeds
If all else fails, there are still a few more aggressive tricks that should only be used when, after a few days, your seeds have failed to hatch and make their way into the world.
For example, you can scrape off the outer layer of the seed with a little sandpaper, creating micro-abrasions that should let some water in. So you don’t overdo it with this scraping we have a little trick: roll up a piece of very fine sandpaper, with the rough side on the interior, and secure it with tape. Place the seeds inside and cover the openings with your hands. Then just shake it for a couple of minutes and the sandpaper will do its job. Another more risky option is to use a knife to cut the seed transversely, ever so slightly, which will help the water penetrate the shell.
If these methods work and get your seeds to break, allowing the embryo of the cannabis plant to emerge, you will have achieved your goal. You’ll have to be very careful when handling them during the first few days, but after a week your old strain, preserved for years, should grow just like a younger seed and, after a few weeks, offer the same harvest you got from it before and so fondly remember.
Dinafem Seeds The Dinafem team comprises cannabis experts and growing specialists eager to share their knowledge and expertise with the entire cannabis community. Don’t hesitate to give us your feedback on our posts. We’ll be happy to answer your queries and, above all, to learn new tricks and techniques.
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Here’s How To Germinate Old Cannabis Seeds
Old cannabis seeds can be hard to germinate. Luckily, there are a few techniques that can help them sprout, even if they’ve been forgotten for some time.
Did you find some old seeds in a forgotten corner of the house? Well, you’re in luck; below we’ll share some simple tips to help you germinate old cannabis seeds.
BEFORE YOU START, SET YOUR EXPECTATIONS STRAIGHT
Before you start, it’s important you remember the following:
• Seeds can take a while to germinate. While healthy, fresh seeds can germinate in just a few days, old seeds can take anywhere from 2 days to 3 weeks to sprout. So be patient.
• Some seeds won’t germinate at all. Unfortunately, old seeds sometimes just don’t sprout. So, if you try all of the tips below and wait patiently without any luck, it’s likely your seeds are just too far gone.
TRY SCARRING YOUR SEEDS
One of the main reasons old cannabis seeds don’t germinate is because they tend to have a very hard outer shell. Now, cannabis seeds naturally have a hard shell that helps protect them until the conditions are right for them to germinate. Over time, however, this outer shell can become so hard that it inhibits the seed from germinating altogether.
To help older seeds along, it’s a good idea to try scarring them. To do so, simply line the inside of a matchbox with some fine sandpaper, place your seeds inside, and shake the box for a minute or so. This will help make some small cuts in the seeds’ outer shells to help them absorb some moisture.
If this isn’t enough, you can try carefully (and very gently) using a sharp knife like a Stanley blade to remove the ridge running along the middle of each seed. This should expose the inside of the seed a little, helping it absorb moisture and, hopefully, giving it a better chance of germinating.
TRY GERMINATING YOUR SEEDS IN CARBONATED WATER
Try dropping your old seeds into a glass of sparkling water. The CO₂ in the water should help the seeds absorb more moisture, encouraging them to sprout. You can also add some fulvic acid to the water to help break down the shell of your seeds. You’ll only need about 2.5ml of acid for a glass of sparkling water (roughly 250ml).
TRY “THE PAPER TOWEL METHOD”
This is a very popular way to germinate seeds. And for good reason; it’s pretty successful. Here’s how to germinate your cannabis seeds using paper towel:
1. Place 2 pieces of paper towel inside a salad plate.
2. Dampen the paper towels and place your seeds on top of it.
3. Cover the seeds with another 2 pieces of damp paper towel, then cover the salad plate with another plate, and keep it in a warm, dark cupboard.
4. Check on your seeds every 2–3 days.
LET MOTHER NATURE DO HER THING
Sometimes, it’s best to leave Mother Nature to work her magic on your old seeds. Try scarring your seeds a little as we showed you earlier, then let them sit in carbonated water overnight. Next, prepare a small nursery pot with some high-quality soil. Make a small hole in the middle of the pot with your finger, roughly the depth of your fingernail. Drop your seed inside the hole and cover it. Moisten the soil and keep your pot in a warm place with indirect sunlight—a windowsill works great.
REMEMBER TO STORE YOUR SEEDS PROPERLY
If you’ve tried all our tips above and still haven’t managed to germinate your seeds, it’s likely they are beyond the point of return. To avoid having the same problem next time, here are some tips to help you store your seeds:
• Seeds like cool, dry, and dark places.
• Quick changes in temperature and humidity are really bad for seeds. Try to keep them in a jar or other container to protect them against these environmental factors.
• Seeds don’t like light. Keep them in a dark place and avoid any unnecessary exposure.
• All of our seeds are vacuum-sealed. For the best germination rates, only open a pack of seeds when you’re ready to plant them.