CBD oil is a compound found in cannabis and hemp, which some dog owners are using as a keystone therapy for their pets. Before you decide to give your dog CBD oil you need to know the risks attached to it. We’ve explained 10 potential side effects… We know you take being a dog parent seriously. As such, you are meticulous when it comes to your dog’s diet, health, and wellness. The more we know about what’s in our dog’s food and in the medications and supplements we give to them, the more we know we can potentially do better than we’ve been doing, to provide hea
CBD Oil for Dogs: 8 Key Things to Know
CBD oil is a fast-growing market and the compound is now being touted as a treatment for dogs too.
Indeed, the therapy is already big business, with a study by Grand View Research estimating the market size for CDB oil surpassed $37.4 million as of 2020.
However, the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, cautions while CBD oil boasts potential benefits for dogs, owners should always consult their veterinarian before starting such medical treatments.
He told Newsweek: “Cannabinoids such as CBD appear to hold therapeutic promise in areas such as the treatment of epilepsy and the management of pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis, neurogenic pain and possibly anxiety although much of the available scientific evidence pertaining to their use in animals is currently limited.
“While findings from a few well-controlled studies have been published, much of what we know is related to anecdotal or case reports.
“It is of utmost importance for people to know that CBD is not marijuana which is TOXIC to dogs and should never be given to dogs under any circumstances.
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“Additionally, it is always recommended consulting with your veterinarian before starting and medication or supplements as your veterinarian best knows your dog’s individual medical history and needs.”
Here are some of the most important facts you should know about CBD oil for dogs.
1. What Is CBD Oil?
CBD oil is a fast-growing trend in human health supplements and the compound is now being touted as a treatment for dogs too Photoboyko/Getty Images
While CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis and hemp, the oil it is derived from rarely contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound responsible for providing marijuana its psychoactive properties.
Note, hemp-derived CBD oil products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal on the federal level, but are still illegal under some state laws.
2. Does CBD Affect Dogs?
Currently, there has been no formal research conducted about how CBD oil affects dogs Tinnakorn Jorruang/Getty Images
Currently, there has been no formal research conducted about how CBD oil affects dogs.
However, research has shown cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which help maintain balance in the body and keep it in a normal healthy state.
3. What Dog Health Problems Might CBD Oil Treat?
CBD oil is being used on dogs for its purported anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation and anti-anxiety impacts fusaromike/Getty Images
Although definitive scientific data on using CBD to treat dogs is still lacking, the AKC states “anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggests it can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, as well as helping to control seizures.”
CBD is also used by humans for its purported anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, as well as potential anti-cancer benefits, although conclusive data on this use is also lacking.
4. Potential Side Effects of CBD Oil in Dogs
Research suggests CBD oil can decrease the production of saliva. The AKC said: “For dogs, this would manifest as an increased thirst.” gorodenkoff/Getty Images
Due to the lack of scientific data on the side effects of CBD usage for dogs, experts can only speculate about the possible side effects based on how the compound can affect humans.
Research suggests CBD can decrease the production of saliva. The AKC said: “For dogs, this would manifest as an increased thirst.”
High doses of CBD have been known to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure, capable of triggering brief light-headedness.
Humans have used CBD on their pet dogs to treat anxiety, while CBD oil’s calming effect can also cause slight drowsiness.
The AKC cautions in a statement: “To minimize any potential side effects, make sure you are following the proper dosage.”
5. Potential Risks of Using CBD Oil With Dogs
The safety and risks of using CBD for dogs have not yet been researched and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has neither approved CBD nor issued a dosing chart.
As a result, it remains unclear what size dosage of CBD oil would be toxic for dogs.
The AKC warns any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction, writing on its site: “It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.”
6. Can Dogs Taking Medications Use CBD Oil?
Owners of dogs taking any medications or supplements should always check with a vet, as CBD oil can change how the animals metabolize some drugs herraez/Getty Images
Owners of dogs taking any medications or supplements should always check with a vet.
CBD oil can change how the animals metabolize some drugs, in the same way that grapefruits can cause significant reactions in humans.
Owners will need to consult their vet about dose changes if a dog is taking any of the following medications: steroids, allergy medications, liver or kidney medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, heart medications and anxiety medications.
7. CBD Dosage for Dogs
Each bottle of CBD has a specific concentration expressed in milligrams and it is thought the majority of dogs do not mind the taste of CBD oil, meaning it can simply be added to your pet’s meals IRA_EVVA/Getty Images
Each bottle of CBD has a specific concentration expressed in milligrams. Some owners add CBD oil to their dog’s food.
Dr. Robert Silver from NurseYourPet suggests giving a dog 0.05 to 0.25 mg/pound of body weight, twice daily is a “safe place to start,” as well as suggesting beginning with lower doses and increasing these only gradually if the lower dose appears ineffective.
It is important to note, that is only from his anecdotal experience.
8. What Are the Best CBD Oil Products for Dogs
Should consultation with a vet result in a decision in trying CBD oil to treat your dog, there are some key things to consider when buying the compound pcess609/Getty Images
Should consultation with a vet result in a decision in trying CBD oil to treat your dog, there are some key things to consider when buying the compound.
The AKC states: “Not all oils are the same; you’ll want high-quality CBD oil to have a better chance of it working.”
If the CBD oil is not organic, it at least should not contain pesticides, fungicides, or solvents.
Higher quality and purity are usually associated with a higher cost, meaning cheaper options can potentially more likely contain toxic substances including pesticides, herbicides, or heavy metals.
The manufacturer should provide a certificate stating the quantity of CBD in the product, with some CBD products containing minimal amounts of CBD. People buying CBD oil for their pet dogs will also want to ensure there is little or no harmful THC in the product.
The AKC also advises people to purchase CBD as a liquid whenever possible, stating: “You can buy dog treats containing CBD, but the best form to administer is an oil or tincture. This way, you can adjust your dog’s dose drop by drop.”
10 Potential Side Effects of CBD Oil for Dogs: Read This First!
In case you’ve been living under a rock, CBD has become one of the biggest wellness crazes in recent memory. Cannabis compounds were illegal until only recently, and CBD was the first to receive the praise and attention that helped to catapult it to its current popularity. It was only a matter of time until this wellness craze spread to our pets, and that time has come.
Today, you can find all manner of CBD products created specifically for pets, including treats, tinctures, and even toys. CBD is touted as a safe and natural compound for any adult to take, but is it the same for our dogs? Let’s take a closer look at CBD for dogs and the potential side effects that it may cause before you go and start offering CBD treats to your favorite canine compadre.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol; a compound that’s found in cannabis and hemp. Cannabis is quite famous for its psychoactive effects, but cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive compound. This means that CBD doesn’t produce any high like other cannabis products that contain tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC.
Within cannabis, THC is the main component that produces the psychoactive sensations, but CBD provides many of the other positive effects that the cannabis plant is known to provide, such as a host of medical benefits.
Image Credit: iAmMrBenjamin, Shutterstock
Is CBD Oil Safe for Dogs?
CBD has been proven to provide positive benefits for people. For instance, it’s used to treat epilepsy, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. According to the World Health Organization, “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile.” But this is in regards to humans, which leaves us to wonder how safe CBD is for our dogs.
Currently, testing is ongoing. Groups like the AKC Canine Health Foundation are sponsoring studies about CBD’s effect on dogs, though there’s no definitive answer yet as to its efficacy or safety. However, according to PubMed, CBD has not been shown to be detrimental in healthy dogs.
10 Potential Side Effects of CBD for Dogs
Despite CBD’s purported benefits for people and relative safety, there are some side effects that your dog might suffer as a result of this compound; particularly if given too much.
1. Dry Mouth
Many people are aware that cannabis can cause cottonmouth in people, but CBD can also have a similar effect on your dog. While it might be gross that your dog drools everywhere, that slobber is actually important for their health. If CBD causes your dog’s mouth to become dry, it can result in poor dental health, bad breath, and even cause pain when swallowing.
Another common side effect of cannabis use in people is drowsiness or laziness. Though CBD doesn’t contain any THC, your dog could still show signs of lethargy when dosed with CBD. Generally, this is due to a dose that’s too large, so if your dog gets drowsy after a dose of CBD, you might want to reduce the dosage size.
Image Credit: Pixabay
CBD can also cause dizziness in your dog. You’ll have to look for signs that indicate your dog is dizzy, such as trouble standing up or repeated falling over. This can easily occur if the CBD you’re using isn’t pure and contains trace amounts of THC, the psychoactive substance in cannabis that causes the “high” that users experience. While this might be pleasurable for some people, it might not be such a thrill for your pup.
4. Increased Tremors
One of the main reasons people administer CBD to themselves or their pets is to treat epileptic seizures. As such, you might think that it’s a good compound to help with Parkinson’s disease. Unfortunately, CBD has the potential to increase the tremors associated with Parkinson’s, in both humans and canines.
You might notice that your dog tends to scratch, bite, and itch a lot after being dosed with CBD. If so, then you’ll either want to reduce the dosage or cease it altogether. While this isn’t a particularly common side effect, it’s certainly possible, and it’s something you should be on the lookout for.
Image Credit: Zivica Kerkez, Shutterstock
6. Low Blood Pressure
CBD has been shown to cause temporary drops in blood pressure when administered in high doses. This can cause light-headedness, which your dog won’t appreciate. Since this is usually dose-dependent, reducing the amount you’re giving to your dog should help to eliminate this side effect.
7. Upset Stomach
Anything your dog isn’t used to consuming can cause an upset stomach. Even switching dog foods will wreak havoc on many dogs’ stomachs. CBD is no different, and especially in high doses, it can cause quite a lot of discomfort for your canine.
When stomach discomfort is taken to the extreme, it can often induce vomiting. This could be as a result of the compound itself, or it might just be from the taste. CBD is a rather bitter substance and your dog may not like the taste of it. But if the CBD upsets your dog’s stomach enough, they’ll likely throw it back up.
Image Credit: Mumemories, Shutterstock
It can be hard to pinpoint CBD as the culprit when your dog has diarrhea since so many things can cause diarrhea in dogs. But if you’ve removed all other variables and narrowed your dog’s diarrhea down to the CBD you’ve given them, then you’ll either need to reduce the dosage or refrain from giving your dog CBD.
10. Inhibited Production of Liver Enzymes
CBD can affect the way your body metabolizes other drugs because it inhibits the production of liver enzymes. As a result, other drugs can become several times more potent, which can lead to accidental overdose; a deadly occurrence that you’ll need to take care to avoid. If your dog is currently taking other medications, be sure to get veterinary approval before adding CBD to its regimen.
Though CBD is considered safe for humans and even for dogs in most cases, it can have side effects for both of us. While we can decide if the possibility of side effects is worth the potential benefits we could see from taking CBD, your dog can’t make that decision. You have to decide what’s best for your dog. So, keep in mind all of the potential side effects your dog might suffer before you decide to dose them with CBD. And it’s always a good idea to get your vet’s professional opinion first.
- You may also want to read: Relievet CBD Dog Treats Review 2022: Our Expert’s Opinion
Featured Image Credit: Erin Stone, Pixabay
Lead Pet Expert & Pet-ditor in Chief
Nicole is the proud mom of 3 rescue fur babies, Baby, a Burmese cat; Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway; and Mac, a Lab/Mastiff. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband and new baby daughter in New Zealand. She has a strong love for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and particularly loves a good interspecies friendship) and wants to share her animal knowledge and other experts’ know ledge with pet lovers across the globe. . Read more
CBD Oil for Dogs: Common Side Effects
We know you take being a dog parent seriously. As such, you are meticulous when it comes to your dog’s diet, health, and wellness. The more we know about what’s in our dog’s food and in the medications and supplements we give to them, the more we know we can potentially do better than we’ve been doing, to provide healthier, higher quality options that deliver better results.
Since the Farm Bill of 2018 was passed, the production and manufacturing of commercial hemp has been legalized federally, and the availability of hemp products for our pets has increased exponentially. While this is definitely a giant step in the direction of focusing more on traditional, holistic remedies for our dogs’ ailments, it may leave you with questions as to what these options are and whether or not they are actually safe.
We understand. We’re dog parents, too, and as such, we’re committed to creating the safest products with the highest quality ingredients for our dogs. This is why we created a specially formulated CBD tincture designed specifically for your pet.
Our tinctures are filled with CBD oil that is hemp-derived and American grown. We subject our tinctures to the highest standards of third party laboratory testing to ensure they not only contain the quality and concentration of CBD we say they do, but they also don’t contain anything they shouldn’t, like harmful pesticides or chemicals.
If you have questions about CBD oil for your dog, we’re here to help answer your questions so you can make an informed decision if CBD oil is a good option for your dog’s health and wellness routine.
What Exactly is CBD Oil?
There’s a lot of confusion surrounding what CBD oil and what it is not. CBD is the abbreviation for “cannabidiol.” Cannabidiol is one of over 100 compounds found in the hemp variety of the Cannabis sativa plant. These compounds, called cannabinoids, have impactful health benefits for your pet that are best realized when they are extracted from the cannabis plant together.
When all cannabinoids from the plant work together concurrently, your pet receives the maximum benefit the plant has to offer, and that benefit is referred to as the entourage effect.
If you’re wondering if CBD oil can get your dog “high,” rest assured it cannot. This common misconception about CBD oil, that it can somehow make your animal high, is born from confusion between CBD and another popular cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol, or “THC.” This is the cannabinoid responsible for producing the euphoric “high” a user feels when they use marijuana. It’s worth noting that commercially grown hemp (the kind that produces CBD oil) produces a very low amount of THC.
By federal law, commercially manufactured CBD products, including those for your pet, must be made from hemp plants that contain less than 0.3% THC, which is not enough to produce a “high.” It’s important that a CBD product contain this trace amount of THC, however, as there is evidence to support the presence of THC as a necessity to deliver the entourage effect. Full spectrum CBD oil is the only kind of CBD oil that contains this trace THC, so it’s important to use this type of CBD oil when seeking optimal results. A CBD isolate oil cannot produce the entourage effect, and may not be as beneficial for your pet.
How Does it Affect My Dog?
CBD may have an instantaneous effect on some dogs, though it may take several doses or even weeks to notice changes in other dogs.
Once you’ve given your dog CBD oil, you may be able to see results within minutes. Every animal is different, and some dogs are more immediately receptive to the effects of CBD oil than others. Your dog’s response to CBD oil will depend on the concentration and amount of CBD oil you give as well as the dog’s individual physiology.
A typical dose of CBD oil will last for approximately eight to twelve hours. Every dog is different and how your dog responds to CBD oil may not be exactly the same as another dog’s response.
Why Should I Give My Dog CBD?
CBD has a wide range of potential benefits when given to your dog. Here are some of the main reasons people administer CBD to their pets.
- CBD oil can support joint health.
- CBD can support normal GI function.
- CBD can support normal brain function.
- CBD can promote calmness .
What Are Common Side Effects?
Before starting any new regimen with your pet, you should always consult a veterinary professional . The team at VETCBD is knowledgeable and experienced, but your specific veterinarian knows your animal personally, and should be made aware of any changes in their overall routine.
CBD oil is generally very well tolerated by canines, with very few side effects. When given in low doses, you will likely not notice any adverse side effects with CBD treatment. However, if your dog experiences a side effect from CBD oil treatment, it will likely be among the following:
- Drowsiness. In a small portion of animals, CBD can cause them to be sleepy.
- Vomiting and/or diarrhea. This is a rare side effect and may indicate another issue altogether. However, if you suspect your CBD oil treatment is adversely affecting your dog’s GI tract, stop treatment and contact your veterinary professional.
What To Look For in CBD Products for My Dog?
If you’re ready to try CBD oil as a holistic supplement for your dog, there are some things you should know before making a purchase. Not all CBD oils are created equally, and it’s important to know what you’re buying.
For optimal effects, your dog’s CBD oil should be full spectrum so they are able to obtain maximum CBD oil benefit. Our tinctures are full spectrum where the CBD oil is extracted from responsibly grown American hemp and uses organic extra virgin olive oil as the carrier oil.
It’s important to verify the quality, safety and potency of the CBD product you’re purchasing. Third party testing ensures that the CBD products you use for your dog include the exact type and amount of ingredients the manufacturer says they do. We triple-test our products throughout the manufacturing process with independent laboratories for third party testing to ensure we’re achieving the most effective cannabinoid profile for your pet. Additionally, this layer of testing also ensures that our products do not contain any unwanted chemicals, pesticides, or other ingredients that could cause harm to your pets.
Being generally well-tolerated and safe for most dogs, it’s worth giving CBD oil a try to help support your dog’s overall wellness and health. Explore VETCBD Hemp today and see all your options to help your dog thrive.